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2021廣西銀行考試題庫:英語模擬題(三)

2020-08-17 21:54:07| 來源:廣西中公銀行考試網

Passage 3

Having a sense of purpose may add years to your life, regardless of what the purpose is, research suggests.

Not only does it contribute to healthy aging, but it may also stave off early death, according to a study of 7,000 Americans.

The research, published in Psychological Science, applies across adult life, says a US-Canadian team.

It may be because purposeful people look after their health better and are physically fitter, they believe.

The study tracked the physical and mental health of more than 7,000 US adults aged 20 to 75 years.

Their purpose in life was assessed by the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with three statements:

Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them. I live life one day at a time and don't really think about the future. I sometimes feel as if I've done all there is to do in life.

When followed up 14 years later, the researchers found purposeful people had outlived their counterparts, even when controlling for other factors such as negative mood.

Furthermore, the added years did not appear to depend on the person's age, or whether or not they had retired from work.

In other words, having a purpose in life appears to be good for you across the adult years, the researchers say.

Dr Patrick Hill, of the department of psychology at Carleton University in Canada, said the notion of living a life of purpose — setting large goals that direct your day-to-day activities — seemed to be protective on a number of fronts.

"In this study it is mortality, but other studies have shown people report better health," he told BBC News.

"There is clearly a benefit from feeling a sense of direction or feeling you have these goals directing your day-to-day life."

1. What dose the text mainly talk about?

A. The benefits of having goals for life

B. The relations between having goals for life expectancy

C. A study of 7000 Americans

D. Why purposeful people live longer

2. Who will live a shorter life than others?

A. Grace who love sports and plans a fitness club

B. Anna who enjoys cooking and eating delicious food

C. Jim who wants to be a wealthy man within 10 years

D. Emma who wishes to buy a big house with her own money

3. Where is the text most likely come from ?

A. A newspaper

B. A report

C. A magazine

D. A journal

 

1.【答案】B。解析:主旨題。文章首句總領引出文章主旨,即:研究表明,擁有目標感將會增加你的壽命。接下來便通過一項實驗來具體說明研究結果。因而文章主要討論的就是"擁有生活目標與預期壽命之間的關系"。A項表述過于籠統,寬泛;C項只是文章的論據;文中并未談及兩者間聯系的原因故排除D。因此本文答案為B。

2.【答案】B。解析:推斷題。因為文章討論的是擁有人生目標可以延長壽命。所以反向推斷,如果一個人沒有設立人生目標,那他的壽命相對而言就可能會短一些。因此,四個選項中,A項的目標是"計劃開一家健身俱樂部",C項的目標是"十年內成為一名富人",D項的目標是"用自己的錢購置一所大房子"。所以,只有B項沒有體現出人生目標,故選B。

3.【答案】A。解析:出處推斷題。如果是一篇report(報告)或journal期刊,應該詳細地描述研究的假設、過程及結論,但是這篇文章對于研究只是進行了簡單地描述,故排除B和D;C. magazine指刊登各種文章、小說、詩歌、評議的雜志,但是此篇文章是跟科學內容相關的,故排除。再根據文章倒數第二段:he told BBC News. 可推斷出文章應來源于報紙,故A正確。

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